Oak Trees

Majestic and grand, the Oak tree is the dominant species planted throughout America, casting shade in every state. The Oak tree is a long-lived tree suitable for most areas.

 

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Sawtooth Oak

Quercus acutissima

Form: Broad and pyramidal in youth becoming more broad with age.

Size: 40 to 60 feet tall and almost as wide.
Zone: 5 to 9.
Leaves: Deciduous. Dark green, serrate with bristle like teeth. Yellow to brown fall color.
Bark: Deeply ridged and furrowed, appearing corky with maturity.
Fruit: Acorn.
Flowers: Male. Long slender catkins in the spring.
Growth Rate: Medium to fast.
Description: The lustrous green serrated leaves turn yellow to golden brown in the fall and usually persist throughout winter providing a subtle touch of texture during a usually bleak and dreary season. This tree has a very prominent leader with scaffolding branching whorled equally around to create a broad and rounded crown. Highly adaptable.


Swamp White Oak

Quercus bicolor

Form: A broad, open and rounded crown.
Size: 40 to 50 feet tall and 30 feet wide.
Zone: 4 to 8.
Leaves: Deciduous. Lustrous green and velvety underneath. Yellow to bronze fall color.
Bark: Flaky, grayish brown with fissures and flat ridges. Very rough.
Fruit: Acorn.
Growth Rate: Slow.
Description: Leaves resembling burr oak (macrocarpa). Native to wetlands hence the name, and prefers moist acidic soils. An oval shaped tree with a limby trunk.


Overcup Oak

Quercus lyrata

Form: Oval rounded crown.
Size: 40 to 50 feet tall and 20 to 30 feet wide.
Zone: 5 to 9.
Leaves: Deciduous. Dark green and white tomemtose beneath, yellow to bronze fall color.
Bark: Gray.
Fruit: Acorn.
Growth Rate: Medium.
Description: A large pyramidal tree with a uniformed branching habit. Tolerant of saturated soils. The common name refers to the cap covering most of the acorn.


Bur Oak

Quercus macrocarpa

Form: Very broad with an open crown.
Size: 70 to 80 feet tall with a very wide spread.
Zone: 3 to 8.
Leaves: Deciduous. Lustrous dark green with a grayish-white underneath.Yellow to brown fall color.
Bark: Rough, developing deep ridges and furrows, dark gray to brown.

Fruit: Acorn.
Growth Rate: Slow.
Description: A large and magnificent tree great for wide open spaces. A long
casting shade. The lustrous leaves are large and deeply lobed.


Chinkapin Oak

Quercus muehlenbergii

Form: Open and rounded crown.
Size: 35 to 45 feet tall and 25 to 30 feet wide.
Zone: 4 to 7.
Leaves: Deciduous. Emerging leaves are green to reddish-purple. Fall color varies from yellow to orangish-brown.
Bark: Rough and flaky, ashy-gray.
Fruit: Acorn.
Growth Rate: Medium to slow.
Description: A meduim sized tree with ascending branches that somewhat form an overall oval shaped tree. Tolerates poor soil and drainage conditions.


Nutall Oak

Quercus nuttallii

Form: Pyramidal. 
Size: 60 to 70 feet tall and 40 to 50 feet wide. 
Zone: 5 to 9.
Leaves: Deciduous. Glossy green changing to russet red. Emerging new leaves are purple to red. Reddish fall color.
Bark: Grayish-brown and smooth. Develops thin narrow shallow ridges with maturity.
Fruit: Acorn.
Growth Rate: Medium to rapid.
Description: An adaptable tree with good to great fall color.An alternative to shumardii. Prefers slightly acidic soil and under optimum conditions, the newly emerging leaves are reddish - purple.


Northern Red Oak

Quercus rubra

Form: Pyramidal to rounded.
Size: 60 to 75 feet tall with an equal spread.
Zone: 3 to 8.
Leaves: Deciduous. Reddish when emerging to lustrous dark green summer foliage. Yellow-bronze to russet-red fall color.
Bark: Slightly ridged and furrowed. Gray.
Fruit: Acorn.
Growth Rate: Medium.
Description: A large tree that prefers acidic soils that drain well. An excellent shade tree with vibrant fall colors ranging from golden-yellow to crimson-red.


Shumard Oak

Quercus shumardii

Form: Pyramidal to rounded.

Size: 40 to 60 feet tall.

Zone: 5 to 9.

Leaves: Deciduous. Dark green summer foliage. Yellow bronze to russet red in the fall.

Bark: Slightly ridged and furrowed, gray.

Fruit: Acorn.

Flowers: N/A

Growth Rate: Medium to slow.

Description: Pyramidal in youth and become outstretched and spreading with age. An excellent tree when given adequate space to fully develop. Adaptable shade tree.


Live Oak

Quercus virginiana

Form: Open and broad, wide spreading, arching to reaching.

Size: Large and varied. 40 to 80 feet tall. Very wide, stretching to 80 feet wide.

Zone: 8 to 10.

Leaves: Evergreen. Lustrous dark green.

Bark: Light gray becoming dark brown and heavily furrowed.

Fruit: Acorn.

Flowers: N/A

Growth Rate: Slow.

Description: A very long lived southern tree that can reach ages of 200-300 years. Very strong wooded. Selected as a street tree for centuries for its magnificent out stretched branches and prestigious stature.